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Nymphalis canace Linnaeus, 1763

Имаго  (Nymphalis canace)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Nymphalinae tribe Nymphalini genus Nymphalis subgenus Kaniska → species Nymphalis canace

Species name(s)

Nymphalis (Kaniska) canace Linnaeus, 1763 = Kaniska canace = Papilio canace Linnaeus, 1763 = Vanessa glauconia Motschulsky, 1860 = Vanessa canace siphnos Fruhstorfer, 1912 = Kaniska canace oplentia Tsukada, 1985 = Kaniska canace oreas Tsukada, 1985 = Polygonia canace.


Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Indo-Malayan.

Russia regions

#37. Nizhne-Amursky; #40. Primorsky.

Forewing length

33—35 mm.


55—70 mm.

Primary colors

Blue, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Nymphalis canace)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Kaniska canace. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Length of front wing of 33 - 35 mm. Wingspan 55 - 70 mm. The main background of the upper side of the wings - dark brown with a blue coating. Through both kryla- goes wide submarginal band of blue close to the outer edge.The outer edge of the wings carved with a number of teeth, of which stand out a large tooth below the top of the front wings and a protrusion at the lower edge of the rear wings. On the underside of the wings dark patterned [95]. Irina Nikulina.


  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Lower Amur, Seaside. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Outside of Russia: North India, China, Korea and Japan, Sri Lanka, Burma, part of Indonesia.
    In Primorye, lives in the valley broad-leaved forests, preferring sparse trees and scrub on the edges and along the river banks [95]. Irina Nikulina.


  • 2 generations: the first - wintered Butterflies fly -mae in April, the second generation - from mid-August to late September. [95]. Irina Nikulina.

Larva food plants

  • Smilax, for example, Smilax china, as well as Tricyrtis hirta, Lilium lancifolum, Heterosmilax japonica, Lilium lancifolium and Streptopus amplexifolius. [9]. Peter Khramov.
  • In Primorye, the caterpillars develop on sarsaparilla Maximovich (syn. Oldgema sarsaparilla, Smilax coastal) (Smilax maximowiczii Koidz = Smilax oldhamii = Smilax riparia) [95]. Irina Nikulina.

Overwintering stage

  • Imago [95]. Irina Nikulina.

Subspecies Nymphalis canace


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Irina Nikulina, Evgeny Slobodskoy.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Irina Nikulina.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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26.01.2014 17:33, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Forewing length: No formalized data → 33—35 mm. Wingspan: No formalized data → 55—70 mm. Flight time: April, May, July, August, September → January, February, March, April, May, July, August, September, October, November, December. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Imago.

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