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Nymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Nymphalis polychloros)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Nymphalinae tribe Nymphalini genus Nymphalis → species Nymphalis polychloros

Species name(s)

Nymphalis polychloros (Linnaeus, 1758) = Vanessa polychloros = Papilio polychloros Linnaeus, 1758 = Papilio testudo Esper, 1781 = pyrrhomelaena Hübner, [1824] = Vanessa pyromelas Freyer, [1834] = Vanessa dixeyi Standfuss, 1895 = polychloros fervida Standfuss, 1896 = Vanessa polychloros lucida Fruhstorfer, 1907 = Vanessa polychloros dilucidus Fruhstorfer, 1907 = Vanessa cassabiensis Heinrich, 1910 = Nymphalis binaria Eisner 1966 = Nymphalis concolor Lempke 1956 = Vanessa circumpunctata Cabeau, 1926 = Vanessa dixeyi Standfuss, 1896 = Vanessa erythromelas Austaut, 1885 = Vanessa extincta Gönner, 1928 = Vanessa extrema Gönner, 1928 = Nymphalis flavomaculata Lempke 1956 = Eugonia pallida Tutt, 1896 = Nymphalis parvipuncta Lempke 1956 = Nymphalis longipuncta Lempke 1956 = Nymphalis magnipuncta Lempke 1956 = Vanessa orichalcea Bois-Reymond, 1931 = Vanessa nigroflava Biezanko, 1924 = Nymphalis nubilata Lempke 1956 = Nymphalis postnigrescens Lempke 1956 = Vanessa punctata Bois-Reymond, 1931 = Vanessa pyromelas Freyer, 1830 = Vanessa pyrrhomelaena Hübner, 1826-1828 = Eugonia quinquepunctata Raynor, 1906 = Vanessa supinskia Wise, 1936 = Vanessa testudo Esper, 1782 = Nymphalis vigens Lempke 1956 = Vanessa xanthochloros de Villiers & Guenée, 1835.

Large Tortoiseshell


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky.

Forewing length

27—30 mm.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Nymphalis polychloros)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Vanessa polychloros. [85]. Peter Khramov.


  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Lower Volga, Mid-Volzhsky, Middle Urals, South Ural . [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Dodecanese Islands, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland) Cyprus, Corsica, Crete, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta,Netherlands, Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, North Aegean Islands, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland) Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Ulmus, Salix, Prunus, Malus, Pyrus, Sorbus, Crataegus, Populus. [28]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Nymphalis polychloros


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrey Lutikov, Igor Sakhno.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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26.01.2014 20:28, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Imago.

16.03.2013 13:19, Igor Sakhno

Means - Ulmus sp.

06.07.2011 0:51, Igor Sakhno

Once I found a few tracks on the bark

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