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Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, 1781)

Имаго  (Nymphalis xanthomelas)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Nymphalinae tribe Nymphalini genus Nymphalis → species Nymphalis xanthomelas

Species name(s)

Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, 1781) = Vanessa xanthomelas = Papilio xanthomelas Esper, 1781 = Vanessa cibinensis Dannehl, 1925.

Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell


Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #29. Zapadno-Yakutsky; #30. Vostochno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Nymphalis xanthomelas)

Detailed information with references

Synonyms and combinations

  • Vanessa xanthomelas. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Внешне схожа с многоцветницей, но отличается от нее наличием белого пятна между темной каймой и темным пятном у вершины крыльев. [85]. Peter Khramov.


  • Austria, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Denmark, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1]. Peter Khramov.
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, East Yakutia, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, West Yakut, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Karelian,Krasnoyarsk, Nizhne-Amur, Lower Volga, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei, North Okhotsk Sea, the North-Ural, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril,South Ural, South Yakutia. [3]. Peter Khramov.
  • Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland ), Croatia, Czech Republic, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ареал — средняя Европа, Сибирь. [85]. Peter Khramov.


  • March Personal communication. Anatoliy Kuzmin.
  • March April May [99]. Anatoliy Kuzmin.
  • Лёт с июня по июль. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva lifespan

  • С мая по июнь. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Larva food plants

  • Salix, Populus. [28]. Peter Khramov.
  • Ива. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Additional info about Larva

  • Личинки Nymphalis xanthomelas черные, с белыми точечками и белыми же полосками по спине и бокам, носят черные шипы. Живут в группах. [85]. Peter Khramov.


  • Куколка красновато-бурого цвета, без металлических пятен. [85]. Peter Khramov.

Subspecies Nymphalis xanthomelas


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrey Sazykin, Yuri Semejkin.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Anatoliy Kuzmin.

Main characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.

Color characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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26.01.2014 18:08, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Flight time: June, July → January, February, March, April, May, July, August, September, October, November, December. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Imago.

24.03.2013 18:48, Peter Khramov

Yeah, thank you, fill-with.

23.03.2013 16:44, Anatoliy Kuzmin

Please specify the flight of time, and I even made a mistake with the original view. I have a meeting 21.03.2013g., Online "the end of March (24.03) to mid-May (17.05) overwintering butterflies fly."

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