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Laothoe populi (Linnaeus, 1758)

Имаго  (Laothoe populi)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Bombycoidea family Sphingidae subfamily Smerinthinae tribe Smerinthini genus Laothoe → species Laothoe populi

Species name(s)

Laothoe populi (Linnaeus, 1758) = Sphinx populi Linnaeus, 1758 = Sphinx tremulae Borkhausen, 1793 = Merinthus palustris Holle, 1865 = Merinthus populi var. salicis Holle, 1865 = Amorpha populi lappona Rangnow, 1935 = Smerinthus populi var. rufescens de Selys-Longchamps, 1857. [9, 393]

Poplar Hawk-moth.



This species marks on the maps: 10.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny*; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky*; #27. Pribaikalsky.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Forewing length

41—45 mm.

Primary colors


Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Имаго  (Laothoe populi)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Sphinx tremulae [393].
  • Merinthus palustris [393].
  • Merinthus populi var. salicis [393].
  • Amorpha populi lappona Rangnow, 1935 [393].
  • Smerinthus populi var. rufescens de Selys-Longchamps, 1857 [393].


  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Corsica, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardinia, Sicily, Slovakia, the Soviet Union - the European part Turkey - European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the British Isles, France, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Ireland, Spain (mainland), Italy (mainland), Corsica Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, the Netherlands,Norway (mainland), the Channel Islands, Poland, Portugal (mainland), Romania, Russia, Sardinia, Northern Ireland, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey (European part), Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland), Croatia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, Gorno-Altaisk (?), North-Eastern European (?), The European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, the Western Caucasus, Kaliningrad, Karelia, Lower Volga, Prealtay, Pribaikalskiy, North Urals, Mid-Volzhsky, Mid-Ural, South West Siberian, South Ural. [3].
  • The area - the whole of Europe to the Arctic Circle in the north. [5].
  • Широко распространенный в Европейской России вид, проникает на восток до Южного Прибайкалья; южная граница достигает Северного Предкавказья, Южного Урала и Алтая; наличие вида в Крыму пока не подтверждено (см. замечания у L. caucao в этом же источнике). [393].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • The length of the front wing - 4.5 cm. At first glance it looks like Smerinthus ocellata, but firstly, it is different from the shape of the wings, and secondly, a pale pattern and the presence of white spot in the center of each of the front wings. On the hind wings - on the orange-red spots. [5].

General info about Imago

  • Fly through the floodplain forest, the banks of ponds, gardens, parks, and even in the middle of cities. Night. [5].

Imago lifespan

  • From early May to early August. Often the second generation, and then pupae remain for the winter. [5].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Populus tremula, Populus balsamifera, Populus alba, Populus nigra, Salix alba, Salix fragilis, Salix purpurea, Salix caprea, Salix aurita, Salix myrsinifolia, Salix phylicifolia, Malus domestica. [28].
  • Willow, poplar and aspen. [5].

Larva lifespan

  • Caterpillars live from June to October. [5].


  • For the larvae pupate poplar hawk buried in the soil next to the tree where the weave a cocoon. This provides protection from birds dolls, but not provided - from moles and shrews. [5].

Subspecies of Laothoe populi


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Nikolai Vladimirov.

Text data: Peter Khramov.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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