E-mail: Password: Create an Account Recover password

Authors Contacts Get involved Русская версия


Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, 1781)

Имаго  (Nymphalis xanthomelas)


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Nymphalidae subfamily Nymphalinae tribe Nymphalini genus Nymphalis → species Nymphalis xanthomelas

Species name(s)

Nymphalis xanthomelas (Esper, 1781) = Vanessa xanthomelas = Papilio xanthomelas Esper, 1781 = Vanessa cibinensis Dannehl, 1925. [9, 10, 85, 187]

Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell.



This species marks on the maps: 6.

Zoogeographical regions


Russia regions

#1. Kaliningradsky; #3. Karelsky; #4. Evropeisky Severo-Zapadny; #6. Evropeisky Severo-Vostochny; #7. Evropeisky yuzhno-tayozhny; #8. Evropeisky Tsentralny; #9. Evropeisky Tsentralno-Chernozyomny; #10. Sredne-Volzhsky; #11. Volgo-Donsky; #12. Nizhnevolzhsky; #13. Zapadno-Kavkazsky; #14. Vostochno-Kavkazsky; #15. Severo-Uralsky; #16. Sredne-Uralsky; #17. Yuzhno-Uralsky; #18. Nizhneobsky; #19. Sredneobsky; #20. Yuzhno-Zapadnosibirsky; #21. Severo-Yeniseisky; #22. Krasnoyarsky; #23. Predaltaisky; #24. Gorno-Altaisky; #25. Tuvinsky; #26. Predbaikalsky; #27. Pribaikalsky; #28. Zabaikalsky; #29. Zapadno-Yakutsky; #30. Vostochno-Yakutsky; #31. Yuzhno-Yakutsky; #33. Severo-Okhotomorsky; #34. Kamchatsky; #35. Sredne-Okhotsky; #36. Sredne-Amursky; #37. Nizhne-Amursky; #38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky.

Primary colors

Orange, Brown/Gray/Black, White.

Flight time

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Larva lifespan

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Over-wintering stage


Имаго  (Nymphalis xanthomelas)

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Vanessa xanthomelas. [85].


  • Austria, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Denmark, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union - the European part, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [1].
  • Albania, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Germany, Greece (mainland), Denmark (mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Finland, France (mainland ), Croatia, Czech Republic, Sweden, Estonia, Yugoslavia. [10].
  • Regions of the Russian Federation: the Volga-Don, East Caucasus, East Yakutia, Gorno-Altaisk, the European North-East, the European North-West, the European Central Black Earth, the European Central European South taiga, Transbaikalia, Western Caucasus, West Yakut, Kaliningrad, Kamchatka, Karelian,Krasnoyarsk, Nizhne-Amur, Lower Volga, Nizhneobsky, Prealtay, of Baikal, Pribaikalskiy, Primorye, Sakhalin, the North-Yenisei, North Okhotsk Sea, the North-Ural, Mid-Amur, Mid-Volzhsky, Average Okhotsk, Mid-Ural, Sredneobskaya, Tuva, South West Siberian Yuzhno-Kuril,South Ural, South Yakutia. [3].
  • Ареал — средняя Европа, Сибирь. [85].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Внешне схожа с многоцветницей, но отличается от нее наличием белого пятна между темной каймой и темным пятном у вершины крыльев. [85].

Imago lifespan

  • March [PC910].
  • March April May [99].
  • Лёт с июня по июль. [85].

General info about Larva

  • Личинки Nymphalis xanthomelas черные, с белыми точечками и белыми же полосками по спине и бокам, носят черные шипы. Живут в группах. [85].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Salix, Populus. [28].
  • Ива. [85].

Larva lifespan

  • С мая по июнь. [85].


  • Куколка красновато-бурого цвета, без металлических пятен. [85].

Subspecies of Nymphalis xanthomelas


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Andrey Sazykin, Yuri Semejkin.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Anatoliy Kuzmin.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov, Sergei Kotov.



Note: you should have a Insecta.pro account to upload new topics and comments. Please, create an account or log in to add comments

26.01.2014 18:08, Sergei Kotov Corrected data.

Flight time: June, July → January, February, March, April, May, July, August, September, October, November, December. Over-wintering stage: No formalized data → Imago.

24.03.2013 18:48, Peter Khramov

Yeah, thank you, fill-with.

23.03.2013 16:44, Anatoliy Kuzmin

Please specify the flight of time, and I even made a mistake with the original view. I have a meeting 21.03.2013g., Online http://babochki-kavkaza.ru/index.php/nymphalidae/304-nymphalis-xanthomelas-/353-nymphalis-xanthomelas-.html "the end of March (24.03) to mid-May (17.05) overwintering butterflies fly."

Insecta.pro: international entomological community. Terms of use and publishing policy.

Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov.

Curators: Konstantin Efetov, Vasiliy Feoktistov, Svyatoslav Knyazev, Evgeny Komarov, Stan Korb, Alexander Zhakov.

Moderators: Vasiliy Feoktistov, Evgeny Komarov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alexandr Zhakov.

Thanks to all authors, who publish materials on the website.

© Insects catalog Insecta.pro, 2007—2024.

Species catalog enables to sort by characteristics such as expansion, flight time, etc..

Photos of representatives Insecta.

Detailed insects classification with references list.

Few themed publications and a living blog.