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Papilio bianor Cramer, [1777]

Самец  Papilio bianor


class Insecta subclass Pterygota infraclass Neoptera superorder Holometabola order Lepidoptera superfamily Papilionoidea family Papilionidae subfamily Papilioninae tribe Papilionini genus Papilio subgenus Achillides → species Papilio bianor

Species name(s)

Papilio (Achillides) bianor Cramer, [1777] = Papilio dehaani = Papilio japonica = Papilio lorquini = Papilio ganesa = Papilio polyctor = Achillides bianor (Cramer, [1777]) = Princeps bianor = Papilio (Achillides) bianor = Papilio elegans Chou; Yuan; Wang, 2000 = Papilio pulcher Chou; Yuan; Wang, 2000 = Papilio pavonis Chou; Zhang; Xie, 2000 = Papilio polyctor Boisduval, 1836 = Papilio longimacula Wang & Niu, 2002 = Papilio polyctor titus Fruhstorfer 1909 = Papilio polyctor thrasymedes Fruhstorfer 1909 = Papilio bianor superans Draeseke, 1923 = Papilio polyctor significans Fruhstorfer, 1902 = Papilio bianor majalis Seitz, 1907 = Papilio polyctor xiei Chou 1994 = Papilio polyctor triumphator Fruhstorfer, 1902. [3, 9, 187, PC]

Chinese Peacock.



Zoogeographical regions

Palaearctic, Indo-Malayan.

Russia regions

#38. Sakhalin; #39. Yuzhno-Kurilsky; #40. Primorsky*.

* An asterisk denotes a region for which the species is listed as an migrant or information that requires additional checking.

Имаго  Papilio bianor

Detailed information with references

Taxonomy, synonyms and combinations

  • Papilio dehaani; Papilio japonica; Papilio lorquini; Papilio ganesa; Papilio polyctor. [PC81].


  • Regions of the Russian Federation: Seaside (?), Sakhalin and South Kuril. [3].
  • Distributed in China, Korea, Japan, Russia - Sakhalin, about. Moneron, the southern Kuril islands (Kunashir, Iturup), about. Popov (Primorye Territory). In the Sakhalin region found an island subspecies A. b. nakaharae. [175].
  • On Sakhalin, the northern border of the species passes through the isthmus Poyasok, although individual butterflies observed in the northern part of the island (the settlement. Mgachi, p. Wenger et al.). However, permanent residence in these regions H. b., Due to the absence of its host plant is unlikely. It inhabits deciduous and mixed forests (no higher than 300 meters above sea level). [175].

Imago Habitus and Differences from alike species

  • Wingspan 90-100 mm. UpH with a bluish discal patch, but not entered the cell, UpF in male with androconial streaks clearly seen in spaces 1b, 2 and 3. There are at least two or three subspecies occurring in Thailand. Subsp. triunphator which was reported by Yukio Shimogori (1997) as the third subspecies from Thailand, is likely be the next closely related species, P. bianor gladiator.

    Papilio bianor stockleyi Gabriel, 1936: It is easily recognized by its prominent white patch at FW dorsum near tornus in spaces 1a and 1b, UpH bluish-green discal patch is smaller than other subspecie. [144].
  • Papilio bianor pinratanai Racheli & Cotton, 1983: this subsp. UpH has the largest, inwardly straight edge, bluish-green discal patch, FW is much broader than any other Thai subspesies.

    Papilio bianor gladiator Fruhstorfer, 1901 = P. bianor ganesa Doubleday, 1842: It is similar to P. polyctor but bluer and inwardly more diffuse patch on UpH. IIt is unusually smaller and FW slightly narrower, HW marginal spots with less red than in the former species. Female HW discal patch is more shining blue whereas that of the former species shining green.
    Forage: Evodia meliaefolia (growing in China) [144].
  • Wingspan 100-110 mm. The front wings are black on top, rear - dark blue. Below on the front wings, closer to its outer edge, is wide transverse stripe of golden-green scales, the front edge is significantly expanded and continued to the rear wings (their bottom pollinated by small golden-green scales).On the hind wings near the top outer edge there are two small red spots [175].

General info about Larva

  • Caterpillar originally green with whitish dots and spots; adult - dark [175].

Larva food plants / other food objects

  • Zanthoxylum alatum [144].
  • The larvae develop on the Sakhalin Velvet (Phellodendron sachalinense). [175].

Overwintering stage

  • Winters are likely doll. [175].

Subspecies of Papilio bianor


Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov.

Photos: Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alex Dumchus.

Text data: Peter Khramov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Svetlana Shchavelina, Olga Titova.

The species characteristics formalization: Peter Khramov.



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